The city of Cairo, in Arabic Al-Qahirah (The Strong or The Conqueror), is located in northern Egypt, 120 km west of the Gulf of Suez and the Suez Canal, 165 km south of the Mediterranean. It lies on both banks of the Nile near the Nile Delta and has an area of approximately 528 square kilometers. Throughout history there has always been a capital for Egypt, but what is now Cairo was founded in AD 969 by the Fatimid dynasty, where it became the center of the region’s political and cultural life. The city became known as the “City of a Thousand Minarets” because of the numerous mosques, castles and churches as well as the second oldest university in the world, Al-Azhar University and the headquarters of the Arab League. The freedom of Tahrir Square resounds in the heart of Cairo and here you will find the fascinating Egyptian Museum, which houses many artifacts and monuments from the 26th Dynasty. The city is the headquarters of the government and the core of all areas of financial and political control.
The climate is quite different as there are 8 months of summer and 4 months of winter. So the best time to visit Cairo is from November to April. The city is home to 20 million people who offer a very busy environment.
Read also about Egypt’s second largest city, Alexandria
What does Cairo offer?
The city is most famous for the world-famous Giza pyramid complex, which houses one of the seven ancient wonders of the world, the Great Pyramid of King Cheops, the oldest and largest statue in the world, the Sphinx, and the House of Mummification, the Valley Temple . The location of the city has witnessed many important events, as the ancient capital of Egypt Memphis during the New Kingdom (2686-2181 BC) lies 24 km from Cairo. The fortress Babylon was built in the city 2000 years ago, which became the center of the Orthodox community in the late 4th century AD. Many churches were built along the way the holy family took through Cairo, like the famous Hanging Church.
The true history of the city began in 641 BC. BC, when Amr ibn Al-as conquered Egypt and built the new Islamic capital Al-Fustat north of the old Babylon fortress. From this point on, a number of spectacular immortal constructions took place in the city, such as the construction of the Ibn Tulun mosque in 878 BC. In 970, during the rule of the Fatimid dynasty, a general named Jawhar founded a new city called Al Qahirah (Cairo), which became the official capital after the destruction of Fustat in 1168 during a battle against the Crusaders Egypt was. In the 11th century, Egypt was under the rule of Salah El-Din, who turned the city into an imperial metropolis and built the powerful citadel of Cairo. At the beginning of the 19th In the 19th century, a man named Muhammed Ali tried to regain the beauty of Egypt in its former glory. He built the Mohamed Ali Mosque, which is one of the most beautiful monuments in Cairo.
Visit Cairo, the city that never sleeps and admire the most famous sights of the largest city in Africa as part of your Egypt tour or on a private day trip.