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The Colossi of Memnon

The Colossi of Memnon

The Colossi of Memnon are two massive monumental stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1386-1353 BC) from the 18th dynasty of ancient Egypt. They show the seated king on a throne, which is decorated with pictures of his mother, his wife, the god Hapy and other symbolic engravings. They consist of quartzite stones, which have existed since 1350 BC. Chr. At el-Gabal el-Ahmar were mined. They were built as guards for Amenhotep’s Mortuary Temple complex. This large complex was destroyed by earthquakes and floods.

The description of the Colossi of Memnon

They are 18 meters high and each weigh 720 tons. They are carved from individual blocks of sandstone. These are two seated royal statues on an ornate throne, representing the pharaoh, who wears the royal headdress of the Nemes and is protected by the divine cobra. The king’s hands rest on his knees and he faces east towards the Nile. In the front part of the statues there are two small figures that represent his wife Tiye and mother Mutemwiy. The two statues are quietly slightly damaged, but they remain symbols of the amazing Egyptian civilization and culture.

The location of the Colossi of Memnon

They are located west of the Egyptian city of Luxor in the Thebes necropolis, about half a kilometer east of the antique inspection on the main road leading to the monument area of ​​the

Amenhotep III and the glory of Egypt

Pharaoh Amenhotep III. lived in the time of the New Kingdom from 1570 to 1069 BC In which Egypt became a country with international power and wealth. His father left him a stable empire when he was only twelve years old. He married Tiye , who received the title “Great Royal Woman”. received. This title was not even given to Amenhotep’s mother, reflecting the size of Pharaoh Amenhotep and his wife Tiye as a married couple. He had a great vision of this country, testified by the 250 buildings, temples, steles and statues that he erected during his reign. One of his fascinating palaces is the palace in Malkata,located on the west bank of the Nile near Thebes. This amazing place contains many rooms, a ballroom, gardens, many libraries, kitchens, meeting rooms and the Amun temple.

Read more about the religion of the ancient Egyptians

The Great Dead Complex That
of Amenhotep III. The dead complex was the largest building ever built in Egypt. It was even more inspiring than the Karnak temple. It included numerous rooms, halls and plateaus that reflected the vision of the reed field, the Egyptian paradise. Very little is left of the Amenhotep Temple today. It fell into disrepair after the devastating earthquakes and floods in Egypt. Memnon’s colossi symbolize the king’s rule over Egypt. The three figures in the statues, Amenhotep III, his wife Tiye and his mother Mutemwiya, are all symbols of rebirth. They have withstood all natural disasters to which they have been exposed.

Greek mythology about the Colossi of Memnon

According to great Greek mythology, Memnon, the mortal son of Eos, the goddess of dawn, was killed by Achilles. The two statues were also believed to be singing statues, probably because an earthquake damaged the top of them, causing noise from the statues every morning at dawn. Many theories have been created about the mystery of the sound of the two statues, and it remains a confusing and mysterious affair to this day.

Who is memnon

Memnon was a hero of the Trojan War. He was also the Ethiopian king who led his armies from Africa to Asia to defend the besieged city. In the end, he was killed by Achilles. The two statues generally refer to the entire Theban necropolis as a “memnonium”; The name has been known for more than 2000 years.
At the Memnon Colossi you see
• twin statues showing Amenhotep in a sitting position.
• Two smaller figures representing Tiye, Amenhotep’s wife, and Mutemwiya, Amenhotep’s mother.

During your stay in Luxor and as part of your Nile cruise , you must visit the remarkable Colossi of Memnon to marvel at the greatness of the ancient Egyptians.

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