The Valley of The Queens
The Valley of the Queens is the final resting place of some of the most beautiful and powerful queens and of princesses, princes and other members of the royal family. It is located on the West Bank in Luxor’s Thebes Necropolis, close to the Valley of the Kings, behind Medinet Habu and the Mortuary Temple of Ramses II, and was formerly known as Ta-set-Neferu (place of beauty). It has the same inconspicuous entrance as the Valley of the Kings. In contrast to the Valley of the Kings, the necropolis is not hidden between the rocky mountains, but is accessible without obstacles, which made it easier to loot the tombs in ancient times. The valley contains over 75 tombs from the 18th to the 20th dynasty for the wives and daughters of the pharaohs. These tombs weren’t as extravagant or as big as the tombs of the kings, but the beauty of the decoration was the same.
Also visit the Valley of the Kings
The most famous tombs in the Valley of the Queens
- Tomb of Queen Nefertari
The tomb is the most famous since she was the main consort of King Ramses II and the woman he loved most. The tomb contained beautiful works of art and shows colorful decorations that represent the queen with various gods and goddesses such as Hathor. Nefertari is depicted sacrificing to gods like Osiris and Atum, and scenes from the “Portebuch” were depicted on the walls of the burial chamber for the first time.
- Queen Titi (QV 52)
She was the wife of a Ramses, possibly of Ramses IV. The grave has an interesting relief decoration on limestone, in which a pale pink color predominates.
- Amun-her-chepeschef (QV 55)
He was a son of Ramses III who died young. The grave is characterized by a colorful wall decoration in bright colors.
- Cha-em-Waset QV (No. 44)
He was also a son of Ramses III. and possibly the third oldest. He had the title of a “Sem-priest of Ptah”. The sarcophagus in his QV44 tomb in the Valley of the Queens bears an inscription that dates from the reign of Ramses IV. The Chaemwaset mummy has not yet been found, but the careful design of his completed tomb does not indicate an untimely death.
The Valley of the Queens has been one of Egypt’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1979.
If you are visiting Egypt and want to visit this famous archaeological site and learn more about ancient Egyptian civilization, traveling in Egypt can take you on a private day trip from Luxor or Hurghada. Or you can visit the Valley of the Queens as part of your individual Egypt study tour or Nile cruise together with a qualified Egyptology who will expertly explain the secrets of the ancient Egyptians to you.