The Valley of the Queens is the final resting place of some of the most beautiful and powerful queens and of princesses, princes and other members of the royal family. It is located on the West Bank in Luxor’s Thebes necropolis in close proximity to the Valley of the Kings, behind Medinet Habu and the mortuary temple of Ramses II and was formerly known as Ta-set-Neferu (Place of Beauty). It has the same inconspicuous entrance as the Valley of the Kings. In contrast to the Valley of the Kings, the necropolis is not hidden between the rocky mountains, but is accessible without any obstacles, which made it easier to plunder the graves in ancient times. The valley contains over 75 tombs from the 18th to the 20th dynasties for the wives and daughters of the pharaohs. These tombs weren’t as extravagant or as big as the tombs of the kings, but the beauty of the decoration was the same.
Famous Tombs in The Valley of The Queens
Queen Nefertari’s Tomb
The tomb is the most famous as she was the chief consort of King Ramses II and the woman he loved most. The tomb contained beautiful works of art and displays colorful decorations that represent the queen with various gods and goddesses such as Hathor. Nefertari is shown sacrificing to gods like Osiris and Atum, and scenes from the “Book of the Portals” were depicted for the first time on the walls of the burial chamber.
Queen Titi (QV 52)
She was the wife of a Ramses, possibly Ramses IV. The grave has an interesting relief decoration on limestone, in which a pale pink color predominates.
Amun-her-chepeschef (QV 55)
He was a son of Ramses III who died young. The grave is characterized by a colorful wall decoration in bright colors.
Cha-em-Waset QV (No. 44)
He was also a son of Ramses III and possibly the third oldest. He carried the title of “Sem-Priest of Ptah”. The sarcophagus in his tomb QV44 in the Valley of the Queens bears an inscription that dates from the reign of Ramses IV. The mummy of Chaemwaset has not yet been found, but the careful design of his completed grave does not indicate an early death.
The Valley of the Queens has been one of Egypt’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1979.
If you are visiting Egypt and want to tour this famous archaeological site and learn more information about the ancient Egyptian civilization, Egypt Holiday Service can be a private day trip from Luxor or Hurghada. Or you can visit the Valley of the Queens as part of your individual Egypt study trip or Nile cruise together with a qualified Egyptologist who will expertly bring you closer to the secrets of the ancient Egyptians.