This detailed tour of Egypt, with a private Egyptology in a small group. Cairo, Alexandria and Nile Cruise, you’ll experience the magic of Egypt up close. Follow in the footsteps of the ancient pharaohs, starting with a Nile cruise from Luxor and visiting the spectacular temples and tombs of Luxor, Edfu and Aswan, followed by a visit to the metropolis of Cairo. After exploring the main attractions of Egypt’s capital and the world’s oldest ancient wonder of the world, the Giza Pyramids, this tour continues to the Pearl of the Mediterranean, Alexandria.
Here in the second largest city of Egypt, you will experience a Mediterranean atmosphere, explore. among others the Roman catacombs and admire the famous library. The final stage of this journey is Cairo’s visit to the Coptic Quarter and the visit to the Khan El Khalili Bazaar.
You will fly to Luxor via Cairo. Upon arrival at Luxor Airport, you will be met by your guide and taken to your 5-star Nile Cruise.
After breakfast on the boat, visit today with your tour guide:
The Karnak Temple
It is the largest temple complex ever built. Here the ancient Egyptians immortalized the holy family of Thebes, Amun-Re, his wife Mut and the son Chonsu. The complete construction time of the temple lasted over 2000 years. Among the most significant areas of the temple is the large columned hall with 134 papyrus columns, built by Seteth and completed by Ramses II.
The Luxor Temple
In the heart of the city of Luxor, you will find the Luxor Temple, built by Amemophis III. and Ramses II was built. Even Alexander the Great built a chapel for the ancient Egyptian gods. At that time, the Ancient Egyptians celebrated here the most important festival in Thebes, the Opetfest. In 1989, archaeologists happened to find an underground chamber with very well-preserved statues, which are now exhibited in the Luxor Museum. At the Luxor Temple you can see a part of the Sphinx Avenue, which connected the Luxor Temple with the Karnak Temple at that time.
– After lunch, the boat will depart for Edfu via the sluice town of Esna.
(Afternoon is not a program, just enjoy the boat trip from Luxor to Edfu)
After breakfast on the boat you will visit:
The Edfu Temple
He was built by the Ptolemies for the falcon god Horus from 237 to 57 BC. Built. Until 1860 AD, the temple was hidden under the sand and Nile mud, only then it was exposed by the Frenchman Mariette. Every year, the wedding of Horus of Edfu with the Hathor of Dendara, as well as the feast of the victory of Horus over Seth, were celebrated here.
After visiting the Edfu Temple, the boat will depart to Kom Ombo and in the afternoon visit:
The Kom Ombo Temple
It is the only double temple in Egypt where the crocodile god Sobek and the falcon god Horus were consecrated. The ruins of the temple were for a long time spilled over half by sand. They were first uncovered and restored in 1893. The temple was built during the Greek period from 304 to 31 BC. And hundreds of mummified crocodiles were found around the temple.
Afterwards you continue by boat to Aswan.
In Aswan you visit today with the tour guide:
The Philae or Isis Temple stood on Philae Island south of Aswan, and after the construction of the high dam, the temple was under water for several months of the year. Therefore, the temple was transferred to the neighboring island of Agilika from 1977 to 1980. In 553 AD, the temple served as a church, so much of the relief in the temple was destroyed.
The High Dam
The construction of the high dam was initiated by President Nasser and lasted from 1960 to 1971, creating one of the largest reservoirs in the world, 500 km long and 32 km wide, at the widest point. The dam is more than 3800 meters long and 111 meters high, at the sole 980 meters and at the crown about 40 meters wide.
In the afternoon you have free time.
Today you have free or you have the opportunity for a private excursion to Abu Simbel.
The two temples of Abu Simble were built by Ramses II in 1260 BC. built and were under the sand until 1817, then the Italian Belzoni has freed the two temples from the sand. The Ramses temple extends 60 meters directly into the rock and has a height of 30 m. The temple of Nefertari is 21 m deep and 12 m high. After the construction of the dam, both temples were moved 62 m higher in the years 1964-1968 to protect them from flooding by the reservoir.
You will drive to Abu Simble early in the morning with a private vehicle and your private tour guide. On the way there you can experience the sunrise in the desert and on the way back you can admire the nature view.
Enjoy the return trip by boat from Aswan to Luxor and Refresh on board.
Today we visit the highlights of Thebes-West:
The Valley of the Kings
Let yourself be enchanted by the more than 3000 years old, wonderful murals in the tombs of the Pharaohs. So far, 64 graves have been found in the Valley of the Kings, of which you can visit three. In the Valley of the Kings are the tombs of the kings of the New Kingdom (about 1550-1069 BC 18 to 20 dynasty) to find. In 1922 Englishman Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tut Anch Amun with its golden treasures.
The Hatshepsut Temple
The mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut dates back to the 18th Dynasty, 1470 BC. She had her impressive terrace temple built by the architect Senenmut. She was always portrayed as a man, which can be clearly seen from the very well preserved statues in the temple. In Christian times a temple was built on the temple, which was used until the 11th century. In the 19th century, the monastery ruins were demolished.
The Memnon Colossi
The Memnon colossi are two side by side ancient Egyptian colossal statues, about 18 m. high from the 14th century BC Both statues represent Amenhotep III and were located at the entrance of his temple.
In the afternoon you have free time.
After breakfast on the ship you will be transferred to Luxor Airport, then fly from Luxor to Cairo. Upon arrival in Cairo, your tour guide will welcome and visit you:
The Pyramids of Giza
The 3 famous pyramids of Giza are the last surviving wonder of the ancient world. They were about 2600 BC. Built on a large limestone plateau.
The Pyramid of Cheops is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids and is therefore also known as the “Great Pyramid”. It is the highest pyramid in the world, 147 m high and was built as a tomb for the Egyptian king Cheops.
We will admire this biggest pyramid of the world first. This is followed by a visit to the pyramid of Chephren and the Mykerinos pyramid.
Then we drive to a plateau, from which you have a beautiful panoramic view of the three pyramids of Giza.
The Sphinx has the body of a lion and the head of a man and lies with a length of approx. 73 m and a height of approx. 20 m before the Khafre pyramid.
After visiting the pyramids and the sphinx, fortify yourself with an oriental lunch, then head to:
Sakkara is one of the oldest and largest cemeteries in Egypt. There you can see the first pyramid of Egypt, the stepped pyramid of King Djoser from the 3rd Dynasty around 2650 BC. It consists of 6 steps with a height of 62 m. The first phase of pyramid construction in Egypt began with this structure. However, it was originally planned by Imhotep not as a pyramid, but initially as a square mastaba.
You can also visit the beautiful tombs of the Old Kingdom with their special paintings
You are visiting Cairo today with your tour guide:
The Egyptian Museum
The Egyptian Museum in Cairo is the world’s largest museum of ancient Egyptian treasures and houses a unique collection of finds from 5,000 years of Egyptian history. Particularly impressive are the famous golden treasures of Tut-Ankh-Amun. It would open in 1902 for visitors.
The Citadel of Saladin
The Citadel of Saladin is one of the few preserved fortifications in the city of Cairo. The citadel complex was built between 1176 and 1183 AD by Saladin to better defend the city of Cairo from the crusader attacks. From the citadel you have a special view over the capital Cairo.
Mosque of Mohamed Ali the Alabaster Mosque of Mohamed Ali is one of the largest mosques in Egypt. It was built between 1830 and 1880. The minarets are 82 meters and the dome is 52 meters high. The interior walls are covered with alabaster and the columns are made of solid alabaster.
Today you enjoy a trip to Alexandria.
In the morning you drive from Cairo to Alexandria and visit:
The catacombs of Kom El-Shukafa were built in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. built. At the beginning of the 20th century, they were discovered by accident. They are graves from the Roman period.
The Qaitbay Citadel was built from 1477 to 1479 by Sultan Ashraf Qaitbay on the ruins of the famous lighthouse (Pharaoh). The citadel served on the Mediterranean coast as a defense fortress in Alexandria.
The Library of Alexandria
The Library of Alexandria was opened in 2002 near the site of the Ancient Library of Alexandria. It is equipped with 2000 reading places and shelf space for 8 million books.
After your excursion in Alexandria, fortify yourself with a lunch – dress up and drive back to Cairo
Today in Cairo you visit the Coptic quarter and also beautiful old mosques.
The Coptic Quarter
The Coptic Quarter in Cairo was built on an ancient Roman fortress. Here you can visit the St. Sergius Church (the oldest church in Cairo), the Hanging Church and the Ben Ezra Synagogue.
The Ibn Tulun Mosque
It is the largest mosque in Cairo and is the oldest preserved in its original form Kairo Mosque. The mosque was built from 876 to 879 under Ahmad ibn Tulun.
Then take a walk through El Moaez Street, where many beautiful old mosques can be seen, then visit:
Khan El Khalili Bazar
Finally, stroll through the oldest and largest bazaar in Egypt, the Khan El Khalili Bazar.
You will be transferred from your hotel to Cairo Airport today, then fly home from Cairo
|Summer (May 1st to September 30th)||Winter (1st Oct to 30 Apr)|
|Single room / cabin||1300 $||1475 $|
|Double room / cabin||990 $||1150 $|
5 * standard
Hotel in Cairo: Cairo Pyramids Hotel, Ramses Hilton
Nile cruise: MS Crown Prince, MS Royal Esadora, MS Princess Sarah
|Summer (May 1st to September 30th)||Winter (1st Oct to 30 Apr)|
|Single room / cabin||1550 $||1800 $|
|Double room / cabin||1250 $||1475 $|
5 * Deluxe
Hotel in Cairo: Steigenberger El Tahrir, Kempinski Nile Hotel Cairo, Sheraton Cairo
Nile Cruise: MS Steigenberger Legacy, MS Moon Dance, MS Amwaj